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Les Misérables

review ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ´ Victor Hugo

Introducing one of the most famous characters in literature Jean Valjean the noble peasant imprisoned for stealing a loaf of bread Les Misérables ranks among the greatest novels of all time In it Victor Hugo takes readers deep into the Parisian underworld immerses them in a battle between good and evil and carries them to the barri Let's say that I could choose a single book with the guarantee that every man woman and child would read it I would not choose my top three favorites nor would I choose the one whose remnants are permanently inked upon me I would choose this one You argue the length The time period The cultural barriers It's just another long expounding by some old dead white guy whose type has suffocated literature for centuries Women will be frustrated with poor representation people who aren't white will be angered by no representation and everyone will bored to tears Alright I see that Now let me explainHuman rights have not been perfected They are as much a work in progress now as they were 150 years ago when this book was first published If you wish to find the book that gives every variation on the theme of humanity its due it does not exist and in all likelihood never will With that in mind it is this book that I choose as while Victor Hugo may have been limited by the era he grew up in he did a damn good job in dreaming beyond it He wrote what he knew but he also wrote what he hoped and together they form a piece of writing that can mean something to everyone whatever their life consists ofThe book is called 'The Miserables' I have a feeling that it is the blatant despair that this title provokes that has dissuaded publishers from rendering it into English instead keeping it in that slightly prettier to the ear French form It can even be shortened to that chic and oh so clever 'Les Mis' as is the norm whenever the play is discussed In that light when you say that truncated phrase it brings to mind not the triumphant book in its majestic entirety but the abridged version or perhaps the even abridged play You think of the story but you do not think of the author's ideas ones that he devotes full chapters to and are just as important to this tome as the characters he has sent running through it And this is a tragedyIs tragedy too harsh a word? I don't think so The book itself is one where tragedy heavily outweighs every other emotional aspect and reducing it to a pittance of itself is flat out disgraceful You have countless flavors of human sorrow worked out here imprisonment ostracization slavery decay of health decay of morals decay of life through the brutality of war as well as the slow grind of society’s wheels There are also the subtle restrictions on the human spirit propagated by a firmness of belief that slowly stagnates into constricting bigotry where humans substitute bias for their reality and confine themselves to a small and mean existence These confines are difficult to escape from than the strongest chains which may bend and break under pressure whereas prejudices will turn in on themselves and feed on the opposition It is these barriers that build the barricades it is these walls that let slip the dogs of war it is these restrictions that make someone relish petty glories gained in the downfall of their fellow human beings Where a difference of opinion exists there will be conflict and Victor Hugo was intimately familiar with the facets of this violent mechanismHe did not want this for the world More specifically he did not want this for his France his Paris his creative beacon that teems with contagious culture and ridiculous fashions to this very day one that can be silly but is often so very very brave Like Gavroche the gamin it thumbs its nose at the world and thinks it slow and stupid but all the same it loves its fellow human beings and lives for the times when it can lead them striding forward towards that thing called Progress Victor Hugo loved the concept of Progress and he wished that everyone would love it as well In his words Go on philosophers—teach enlighten kindle think aloud speak up run joyfully toward broad daylight fraternize in the public suares announce the glad tidings lavish your alphabets proclaim human rights sing your Marseillaises sow enthusiasms tear off green branches from the oak trees Make thought a whirlwind He sent his characters off with this dream of Progress of finding a life for themselves of living in a world that bettered itself by the passing day where the future was not dreary but vibrant and brimming with unlimited potential Many of them do not succeed Many fall by the wayside desiccated by sickness shot down in wars slain by grief and the resignation that life is not so much better than death Some survive in miserable conditions as restricted by their morality as by a chain around their neck Some survive only by having stripped their morality as easily as a snake sheds its skin and in the conditions who can blame them? The weight of society sueezes the supports and one is so much lighter and flexible without cumbersome thoughts of being good and kindIn all this sadness and life cut short by miserable conditions long before its time there is still hope Victor Hugo illustrated this in his diverging sections as thoroughly as he did in his main story as hard as that may be to believe It is true though For example his section on the Battle of Waterloo seems no than an endless list of casualties pages of warfare and tactics and death so much death But at the very end he points out it is not this battle that we remember in so much detail nor any that came before it We remember literature In Hugo’s words Nowadays when Waterloo is merely a click of sabers above Blücher Germany has Goethe and above Wellington England has Byron And what of the other sections? There are many but two that are particularly powerful in their own subtle ways are the sections on argot and the sewers Argot is the language of criminals disguising their speech from the ignorant and the all too interested It is an ever changing labyrinth of slang idioms innuendos wordplay that whips itself into contorted evolutions in its effort to escape the law If this kind of creativity runs rampant on the street how would it fare if given a warm place to sleep three meals a day and a chance to improve its station in life? And the sewers When first described they are dirty desperate despicable things that do nothing but spread filth and disease and provide a home for the eually depraved This however was Hugo’s vision of how it had been in the past In his time they were clean and meticulous in their function as well designed as the streets above and ten times as useful If humans can so improve the lot of that out of sight contraption that carries their shit imagine what they could do with the parts of life that are meant for open viewing and enjoymentOne last mention Victor Hugo’s prose has been accused of excessive flouncing about rambling sentences that uickly devolve into meaningless lists without form or function beyond the enjoyment of their own existence I say isn’t that last part enough? Reading his sentences brings to mind a dance an endless waltz to a symphony that builds and builds to a final crescendo for Hugo is very good at taking his countless paragraphs and using them to reach a final glorious message He could have said it plainly but it would not have been nearly as powerful without all the exposition; just as his point about the memory of Byron outliving the memory of Waterloo would not have been nearly as striking had he not gone through the motions of describing every minute detail of that terrible battle To bring the reader to his level of understanding and to make them feel as much as he does about these things the prose is essential And frankly I have yet to come across another author that is as joyous to read as he is for even while he is going on and on about useless trivia from a time long past hi

characters Les Misérables

Cades during the uprising of 1832 with a breathtaking realism that is unsurpassed in modern prose Within his dramatic story are themes that capture the intellect and the emotions crime and punishment the relentless persecution of Valjean by Inspector Javert the desperation of the prostitute Fantine the amorality of the rogue Thénar 873 Les Misérables Victor HugoLes Misérables is a French historical novel by Victor Hugo first published in 1862 that is considered one of the greatest novels of the 19th century In the English speaking world the novel is usually referred to by its original French title However several alternatives have been used including The Miserables The Wretched The Miserable Ones The Poor Ones The Wretched Poor The Victims and The Dispossessed Beginning in 1815 and culminating in the 1832 June Rebellion in Paris the novel follows the lives and interactions of several characters particularly the struggles of ex convict Jean Valjean and his experience of redemptionبینوایان ویکتور هوگو جاویدان ، امیرکبیر ، توسن ادبیات فرانسه؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش ماه مارس سال 1966میلادی، بار دیگر در ماه مارس سال 2006میلادیعنوان بینوایان؛ نویسنده ویکتور هوگو؛ مترجم حسینقلی مستعان؛ تهران، مطبعه ایران پاورقی، 1310، سپس به صورت کتاب در ده جلد و سپس در پنج جلد؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، جاویدان، 1331، در دو جلد، چاپ دیگر تهران، امیرکبیر، 1349؛ در دو جلد 1647ص؛ چاپ دیگر 1363؛ چاپ چهاردهم 1370؛ شانزدهم 1382؛ شابک دوره 9640004189؛ هفدهم 1384؛ هجدهم 1387؛ شابک دوره دوجلدی 9789640004180؛ نوزدهم 1388؛ بیستم 1390؛ بیست و سوم 1391؛ بیست و چهارم 1392؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، بدرقه جاویدان، 1386، در دو جلد، موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان فرانسوی سده 19ممترجمین دیگر متن کامل خانمها و آقایان «نسرین تولایی و ناهید ملکوتی، تهران، نگاه، 1393، در دو جلد، شابک دوره 9789643519568»؛ «عنایت الله شکیباپور در دو جلد، چاپ دیگر تهران، گنینه، 1362، در دو جلد؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، فنون، 1368، در دو جلد؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، قصه جهان نما 1380، در دو جلد و 962ص»؛ «کیومرث پارسای، تهران، سمیر، 1389؛ در پنج جلد، شابک دوره 9789642200474»؛ «محمد مجلسی، تهران، نشر دنیای نو، 1380، در چهار جلد جلد یک فانتین، جلد دو فانتین، جلد سه ماریوس، جلد چهار ژان والژان؛ چاپ سوم 1390»؛ «مرضیه صادقی زاده، تهران، آسو، 1395، در دو جلد؛ شابک دوره 9786007228982»؛ «مینا حسینی، تهران، فراروی، 1393، در دو جلد، شابک دوره 9786005947434»؛ «محسن سلیمانی، تهران، افق، 1388، در دو جلد؛ چاپ دوم 1389؛ چاپ ششم 1392»؛ «وحیده شکری، گرگان، هفت سنگ، 1395، در دو جلد»؛مترجمین دیگر متن خلاصه شده «گیورگیس آقاسی، تهران، پیروز، 1342، در 335ص، چاپ دیگر تهران، سکه، 1362، در 335ص»؛ «فریدون کار، اسب سفید، 1345، در 480ص»؛ «محمدباقر پیروزی، در 340ص، سروش، 1368»؛ «بهروز غریب پور، نشر قره، 1385، در 208ص؛ شابک 9643415155»؛ «مهدی علوی، تهران، دبیر، در 112ص؛ چاپ سوم 1395»؛ «شایسته ابراهیمی، تهران، گاج، 1395، در 136ص»؛ «صدف محسنی، تهران، پارسه، 1395، در 399ص»؛ «مصطفی جمشیدی، امیرکبیر از ترجمه مستعان، در 129ص»؛ «سبحان یاسی پور، آبان مهر، 1395، در 140ص»؛ «اسماعیل عباسی، تهران، سپیده، در 47ص»؛ «الهه تیمورتاش، تهران، سپیده، 1368، در 248ص؛ چاپ دوم 1370»؛ «شهاب، تهران، معراجی، در 184ص»؛ «امیر اسماعیلی، تهران، توسن، 1362؛ در 237ص»؛ «عنایت الله شکیبا پور، تهران، فنون، 1368، در 384ص»؛ «ابراهیم رها، 1382، در 64ص»؛ «ابراهیم زنجانی با عنوان ژان والژان»؛ «ذبیح الله منصوری، تهران، بنیاد، 1362؛ در 177ص؛ چاپ سوم 1370»؛ نمیدانم؛ یادم نمانده، این کتاب را چندبار خوانده ام؛ در کودکی نسخه های کوتاه شده، و خلاصه ی داستان را، آخرین بار چند سال پیش بود، باز هم ترجمه «حسینعلی مستعان» را خواندم؛ اگر بگویم مدهوش شدم، راه به سوی گزافه نبرده ام؛ «ویکتور هوگو» بزرگترین شاعر «فرانسه» در سده ی نوزدهم میلادی، و شاید بیشتر از همین جمله باشند که بنوشتم؛ ایشان با بزرگواری، با انقلابی بزرگ زندگی کردند، و عمری طول کشید تا آن را نوشتندنقل از متن امپراطور گفت کیست این مردک که مرا نگاه میکند؛ میری یل گفت اعلیحصرتا، شما یک مردک را نگاه میکنید و من یک مرد بزرگ را، هر یک از ما میتواند، استفاده کند؛ پایان نقل از کتاب بینوایان، قسمت اول فانتین، کتاب اول یک عادل 1 مسیو میری یلتاریخ بهنگام رسانی 23061399هجری خورشیدی؛ ا شربیانی

review ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ´ Victor Hugo

Dier and the universal desire to escape the prisons of our own minds Les Misérables gave Victor Hugo a canvas upon which he portrayed his criticism of the French political and judicial systems but the portrait that resulted is larger than life epic in scope an extravagant spectacle that dazzles the senses even as it touches the hea What makes a favourite book? In this case I will have to say one single character that broke my heart and shaped my idealism and stirred my anger Gavroche ThénardierSi l'on demandait à la grande et énorme ville u'est ce ue c'est ue cela ? elle répondrait C'est mon petit One of those street children that see and hear during their childhood than most people ever experience who carry pain and neglect with them on their daily adventures to survive in a hostile careless environment and still manage to find reasons to love and to live he made me want to work with children when I was myself still only a teenager I also wept with his sister Éponine and with Cosette's mother Fantine and I followed in Gavroche's tracks through the drama of Parisian 19th century history His fight became my causeThe main characters Jean Valjean and his adoptive daughter Cosette left me rather cold by contrast as they seemed too perfectly good too beautiful too physically strong and mentally one dimensional to be shaped from real life and I am not sure Les Misérables would have ranged among my most beloved books had the novel been slimmed down to their specific plot The story line of Javert whose fanatic sense of justice reminds me of later Communist anti human radicalism was what made Jean Valjean interesting as a character rather than his own personality Would he be caught or not?I will also have to confess that I would have loved to see the poor abused Éponine find happiness with Marius as I truly couldn't find anything exciting in the doll Cosette that Jean Valjean had raised Éponine had the potential to become a bright young woman had she not grown up with comically bad parents in severe povertyOn sentait bien u’avec d’autres conditions d’éducation et de destinée l’allure gaie et libre de cette jeune fille eût pu être uelue chose de doux et de charmant The neglected children of Paris that is what Les Misérables means to me Ever since I first read the novel during my adolescence it has accompanied me on my adventures Gavroche comes to my mind whenever I read about neglected children in the big cities of the world and now that my own children read the story and play the soundtrack of the Musical on the piano and sing along with all the pathos they remember from seeing it performed at Broadway in New York I feel the old shiver down my spine and I know that one of the sources of my energy as a mother and teacher is to be found in the early feeling of indignation and tenderness towards a child that deserved a better life than he got He deserved a future I still believe in that simple idealist dream each child deserves a futureDo you hear the people sing?Singing a song of angry men?It is the music of a peopleWho will not be slaves againWhen the beating of your heartEchoes the beating of the drumsThere is a life about to startWhen tomorrow comes

  • Mass Market Paperback
  • 1463
  • Les Misérables
  • Victor Hugo
  • English
  • 14 January 2019
  • null

About the Author: Victor Hugo

Victor Hugo in full Victor Marie Hugo poet playwrighter novelist dramatist essayist visual artist statesman human rights campaigner and perhaps the most influential exponent of the Romantic movement in France who was the most important of the French Romantic writers Though regarded in France as one of that country’s greatest poets he is better known abroad for such novels as Notre Dam